Water testing is strongly recommended if:
- Someone in the household is pregnant or is nursing
- There are unexplained illnesses within the household.
- Flooding, repair/installation/replacement or well integrity is compromised
- Well is at the bottom of a hill or is vulnerable to runoff
- Well is in rural area where animals graze
- Water Supply is in an area with incidents of water pollution.
To determine impact of nearby agricultural operations or on-site septic system, private well users should have their water analyzed each year various contamination.
In addition, private well water can be influenced by many local and regional factors human and natural.
- A hardness test can be performed to determine if a hard water condition exists. Hard water can leave skin feeling dry, cause hard water deposits on shiny surfaces, and build up over time in appliances.
- The pH level of your water should be checked to determine whether your water is acidic. Water with a low pH (less than 7.0) may have problems with leaching of copper and lead from residential plumbing. Copper leaching will be indicated with a bluish-green stain; an analysis for lead will need to be performed to determine if lead leaching is a problem.
- If the area is known to have high arsenic levels in the groundwater, a test for arsenic concentration should be performed at least annually.
- If there is a gas station nearby (within a 1/4 mile), a BTEX and MTBE analysis should be conducted. This is a volatile organic analysis to detect the presence of gasoline and/or the gasoline additive MTBE. This analysis should also be repeated annually.
- If you have a private well and live in an area where pesticide use is common, such as near a golf course, orchard, or agricultural area, you may also want to consider having your water analyzed for pesticides.
Odor and Color Problems
- Well water users can sometimes experience odor or staining problems on appliances and laundry.
- a rotten egg odor associated with the well water, you may want to consider a hydrogen sulfide and methane analysis.
- a musty or moldy odor with well water, an iron bacteria analysis should be conducted.
- red staining of fixtures, the iron level of the well water should be analyzed.
- brown or black staining of white laundry, have your water checked for manganese.
Once you have identified if any problems exist, you can begin your search for a specific treatment for your well water.